Section I Use of English
Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)
People have speculated for centuries about a future without work .Today is no different, with academics, writers, and activists once again _1_ that technology be replacing human workers. Some imagine that the coming work-free world will be defined by _2_ . A few wealthy people will own all the capital, and the masses will struggle in an impoverished wasteland.
A different and not mutually exclusive _3_ holds that the future will be a wasteland of a different sort, one _4 _by purposelessness: Without jobs to give their lives _5_ , people will simply become lazy and depressed. _6_ , today's unemployed don't seem to be having a great time. One Gallup poll found that 20 percent of Americans who have been unemployed for at least a year report having depression, double the rate for _7_ Americans. Also, some research suggests that the _8_ for rising rates of mortality, mental-health problems, and addicting _9_ poorly-educated middle-aged people is shortage of well-paid jobs. Perhaps this is why many __10_ the agonizing dullness of a jobless future.
But it doesn't __11__ follow from findings like these that a world without work would be filled with unease. Such visions are based on the __12__ of being unemployed in a society built on the concept of employment. In the __13__ of work, a society designed with other ends in mind could __14__ strikingly different circumstanced for the future of labor and leisure. Today, the __15__ of work may be a bit overblown. "Many jobs are boring, degrading, unhealthy, and a waste of human potential," says John Danaher, a lecturer at the National University of Ireland in Galway.
These days, because leisure time is relatively __16__ for most workers, people use their free time to counterbalance the intellectual and emotional __17__ of their jobs. "When I come home from a hard day's work, I often feel __18__ ," Danaher says, adding, "In a world in which I don't have to work, I might feel rather different"—perhaps different enough to throw himself __19__ a hobby or a passion project with the intensity usually reserved for __20__ matters.
1.[A] boasting [B] denying [C] warning [D] ensuring
2.[A] inequality [B] instability [C] unreliability [D] uncertainty
3.[A] policy [B]guideline [C] resolution [D] prediction
4.[A] characterized [B]divided [C] balanced [D]measured
5.[A] wisdom [B] meaning [C] glory [D] freedom
6.[A] Instead [B] Indeed [C] Thus [D] Nevertheless
7.[A] rich [B] urban [C]working [D] educated
8.[A] explanation [B] requirement [C] compensation [D] substitute
9.[A] under [B] beyond [C] alongside [D] among
10.[A] leave behind [B] make up [C] worry about [D] set aside
固定搭配意思辨析。Worry about担心，leave behind丢弃，使落后make up 组成，set aside 留出，把…放在一旁。该句意为这就是为什么人们担心未来无工作的无聊。因此答案为C选项。
11.[A] statistically [B] occasionally [C] necessarily [D] economically
12.[A] chances [B] downsides [C] benefits [D] principles
13.[A] absence [B] height [C] face [D] course
固定搭配。In absence of 缺乏，in height of 在…高度，in face of 面临，in course of 在…中。该句意为如果没有工作，也就是in absence of job.因此答案为A选项。
14.[A] disturb [B] restore [C] exclude [D] yield
15.[A] model [B] practice [C] virtue [D] hardship
16.[A] tricky [B] lengthy [C] mysterious [D] scarce
17.[A] demands [B] standards [C] qualities [D] threats
18.[A] ignored [B] tired [C] confused [D] starved
19.[A] off [B] against [C] behind [D] into
固定搭配和介词使用。Throw into投身于， throw off摆脱，throw against扔掉，throw behind抛开。投身到自己的爱好之中。因此答案为D选项。
20.[A] technological [B] professional [C] educational [D] interpersonal